Psilocybin mushrooms, sometimes known as magic mushrooms or shrooms. are among the most popular psychedelic substances worldwide. In this in-depth guide, we’ll explain everything you need to know. Including how to identify and use mushrooms, what to expect, and more.
What Are Magic Mushrooms?
The term ‘magic mushrooms’ applies to any species of fungus. that contains the active ingredient psilocybin or its derivative psilocin. These compounds bind with serotonin receptors in the brain. To induce a psychedelic experience, known as a ‘trip.’
There are Many types of magic mushrooms – over 180 species have been identify to date.
But, their effects are all somewhat similar. Depending on the dosage. They can induce anything from feelings of mild euphoria to powerful hallucinations. and spiritual experiences.
Humankind has used them for millennia. as an important element of religious ceremonies and rituals. More recently, they have become popular as a recreational substance. and scientists are exploring their therapeutic potential.
Magic Mushrooms UK Effects and Dosage
The effects of magic mushrooms can vary depending on the individual. taking them, the setting, and the dosage.
People who use them describe a heightened emotional state. and an increased sense of introspection. Some users also experience time distortion and synesthesia. A phenomenon that involves the blending of the senses, for example, tasting colors.
Psilocybin can also cause visual effects. Shifting shapes and colors, halos or rainbows around objects. Or geometric patterns when closing the eyes are common examples. There may be a sense that the world is pulsing or breathing. Along with feelings of inner-peace, contentment, or connection.
Taking an appropriate dose of magic mushrooms is one of the keys. to ensuring a positive experience. While the effects of a particular dose often vary from person to person. Many recommend first-time users to start out with a microdose. More experienced mushroom users will often consume up to 5 grams or more at once. But this large of a dose will produce intense psychoactive and hallucinogenic effects. and may lead to paranoia for inexperienced users.
It is also critical to take mushrooms in a comfortable and safe setting, while in a positive frame of mind. Having a close friend or professional act as a ‘trip sitter’ can further enhance the event. They should have experience with psychedelics and remain sober so they can act as a guide. alleviating any concerns that arise.
Common Side Effects: Magic mushrooms known to cause nausea, yawning. feeling relaxed or drowsy, introspective experience, nervousness, paranoia, panic, hallucinations, and psychosis.
How to Recognize Shrooms
Mushrooms containing psilocybin look like dried ordinary mushrooms with long. slender stems that are whitish-gray and dark brown caps that are light brown or white in the center. Dried mushrooms are a rusty brown color with isolated areas of off-white.
Magic mushrooms can eaten, mixed with food, or brewed like tea for drinking. They can also be mixe with cannabis or tobacco and smoked. Liquid psilocybin is also available. which is the occurring psychedelic drug found in liberty caps. The liquid is clear brown and comes in a small vial.
What Do Magic Mushrooms Do?
Magic mushrooms are hallucinogenic drugs, meaning they can cause you to see, hear. And feel sensations that seem real but are not. The effects of magic mushrooms, But, are variable. And believed to influenced by environmental factors.2
Many factors influence the effects of magic mushrooms, including dosage, age, weight, personality. emotional state, environment, and history of mental illness.
What the Experts Say
While magic mushrooms are often sought out for a peaceful high. shrooms have reported to induce anxiety, frightening hallucinations, paranoia. And confusion in some. Hospital admissions related to the use of magic mushrooms. are often connected to what’s known as a “bad trip.”
Magic mushrooms have been use for thousands of years. For both spiritual and medicinal uses among indigenous people of America and Europe.
Shrooms have a long history of being associate with spiritual experiences and self-discovery. Many believe that occurring drugs like magic mushrooms weed. and mescaline are sacre herbs that enable people to meet superior spiritual states. Others take magic mushrooms to experience a sense of euphoria, connection. And a distorted sense of time.
The psilocybin found in shrooms converted to psilocin in the body. And believed to influence serotonin levels in the brain. leading to altered and unusual perceptions. The effects take 20 to 40 minutes to begin and can last up to 6 hours. —the same amount of time it takes for psilocin to be metabolize and excreted.
Researchers tend to tell against self-medicating with psilocybin. Because outside of a clinical settin it may be harder to manage your anxiety. while under the influence ( leading to a bad trip). You may take too high of a dosage. And it’s hard to know the purity of the drug if you’re purchasing it from an unregulated source.
Also, people with pre-existing mental health conditions. may be more likely to experience adverse effects from psilocybin.
Off-Label or Recently Approved Uses
In 2018, researchers from Johns Hopkins University recommended reclassification of psilocybin. from Schedule I to Schedule IV in order to allow for medical use.
Researchers at Johns Hopkins found that psilocybin. was an effective treatment for depression. And nicotine and alcohol addictions as well as other substance use disorders. 6 Studies have shown that magic mushrooms were effective. and relieving the emotional distress of people with life-threatening cancer diagnoses.
One study found that people who self-medicated with small dosages of psilocybin. were able to relieve cluster headaches while avoiding any psychoactive effects of the drug.
The Center for Psychedelic and Consciousness Research at Johns Hopkins. is also researching how psychedelics affect a variety of conditions such as:
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome
In 2019, Denver became the first city to decriminalize mushrooms. Oakland became the second city less than a month later. Other U.S. cities have followed suit, including Santa Cruz in California and Ann Arbor in Michigan.
This does not mean that shrooms are legal. But that the city is not permitted to “spend resources. To impose criminal penalties” on people in possession of the drug. But, in 2020, Oregon became the first state to legalize psilocybin-assisted therapy.
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Common Side Effects of Mushrooms
All hallucinogens carry the risk of triggering mental and emotional problems. And causing accidents while under the influence. Among adolescents. magic mushrooms are taken in combination with alcohol and other drugs. increasing the psychological and physical risks.
The amount of psilocybin & psilocin contained in any given magic mushroom is unknown. and mushrooms vary in the amounts of psychoactive contents. This means it’s very hard to tell the length, intensity, and type of “trip” someone will experience.
Consuming shrooms can result in a mild trip with feelings of relaxation. Or drowsiness to a frightening experience marked by hallucinations, delusions, and panic. In the worst-case scenario, magic mushrooms have even been known to cause convulsions.
Side effects of Magic Mushrooms UK can include both physical and mental effects.
Increased heart rate, blood pressure, and temperature
Lack of coordination
Distorted sense of time, place, and reality
Hallucinations (visual or auditory)
Having introspective (spiritual) experiences
More research needed on the long-term. lasting side effects of magic mushrooms. But it has reported that people can experience long-term changes in personality. As well as flashbacks long after taking mushrooms.
Since magic mushrooms look like poisonous mushrooms. poisoning is yet another potential risk of taking these drugs. Mushroom poisoning can cause severe illness, organ damage, and even death.
It’s also common for magic mushroom products to be contaminate. A study of 886 samples alleged to be psilocybin mushrooms. analyzed by Pharm Chem Street Drug Laboratory showed. That only 252 (28%) were actually hallucinogenic. while 275 (31%) were regular store-bought mushrooms laced with LSD. or phencyclidine (PCP) and 328 (37%) contained no drug at all.10
Magic Mushrooms UK Side Effects
According to scientific literature. psilocybin has a low risk of toxicity, addiction, or overdose. But it can cause some adverse reactions.
The most common side effects of mushrooms include the following:
Changes in heart rate and blood pressure
Increased tendon reflexes
Some other, more unusual side effects of taking mushrooms include anxiety. panic attacks, paranoia, and mood swings. One can cut the likelihood of these negative effects occurring by preparing. and fostering a positive mindset before tripping.
Although it is rare, some people experience a condition. called hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD). This can cause altered perception for several weeks. or months after using a psychedelic.
Finally, magic mushrooms can interact with several medications, especially those with psychoactive properties. It is unwise to take psychedelics alongside medications such as Adderall, Xanax. or SSRI antidepressants. Drinking alcohol and taking mushrooms at the same time. can also produce adverse effects.
How to Use Magic Mushrooms UK
Most people take magic mushrooms by eating them. although their taste and texture are rather unpleasant. To make them more palatable, people often brew them as a tea. mix them with peanut butter or Nutella, or blend them into smoothies.
It is also possible to grind dry mushrooms into a powder and make them into capsules. This method may be especially appropriate. for those wishing to microdose mushrooms for medicinal use.
Magic Mushrooms Medical Use
In recent years, studies have started emerging regarding magic mushrooms’ medical use. Some of the conditions that scientists are investigating include:
The Controlled Substance Act still classifies magic mushrooms as a Schedule 1 Substance. Thus, anyone wishing to try psilocybin for medical use. may have difficulty accessing it. Individuals’ best course of action. may be to investigate whether any clinical trials are ongoing in their area. or they can travel to retreat centers in places in the world where they are legal.
Are Magic Mushrooms UK Addictive?
To the best of our knowledge, there are no reports of magic mushroom addiction. In fact, there is some evidence . that magic mushrooms could benefit people with other addictions such as alcoholism.
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What are the most common magic mushrooms?
Known in the UK as Liberty Caps. Or Libs, psilocybe semilanceata is the most well-known and common magic mushroom. found in the UK – and many other countries. Standing 4-10cm tall, the mushroom has a distinct conical to bell-shaped cap that grows to about 2-2.5cm. It also has a small nipple-looking lump on the top of the cap.
Are magic mushrooms legal in the UK?
Psilocybin mushrooms – AKA magic mushrooms – may be illegal in the UK (for now). but did you know that magic mushroom spores and grow kits are completely legal? That’s right. Magic mushroom spores can be bought online for “research purposes”. But you’ll be breaking the law if those spores happen to germinate and grow.
When do magic mushrooms fruiting in the UK?
Fruiting occurs from October to February. Psilocybe fimetaria is a magic mushroom known to grow in Great Britain. Its cap is 1.5cm to 3.5cm in diameter and is usually convex with translucent striations on the surface. When moist, the cap becomes sticky and reddish brown to honey.
Is magic mushroom available in UK?
There are over 180 known species of magic mushroom found all across the globe. But the most common in the UK is the Liberty Cap (Psilocybe Semilanceata).
Where can I find liberty caps in the UK?
Psilocybe semilanceata, known in the UK as the Magic Mushroom. And in the USA as Liberty Cap, appears in grassland in autumn. It is most found on pasture. and parkland that has not been enriche with artificial fertiliser.
What time of year do liberty caps grow UK?
Liberty CapMushroom TypeSeason StartSepSeason EndDecAverage Mushroom height (CM)5Average Cap width (CM)1